Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Villargordo del Cabriel< Torre de Telegrafía Óptica de Villargordo de Cabriel

Torre de Telegrafía Óptica de Villargordo de Cabriel(Villargordo del Cabriel)

View on Ocity Platform

logoTwitter logoFacebook


Optical telegraphy is an invention that dates back to the century of the Enlightenment, the 18th century. It was a technological advance of great importance, born in France, which facilitated the rapid transmission of news in an unknown way.
In Spain, optical telegraph lines were not erected until the 1840s, at a time when electric telegraphy was already in operation in Europe. For security reasons, this last type of telegraphy was discarded due to the danger of cables being cut by bandits or insurgents.
The first news of the use of telegraphy appeared in the press in the Gaceta de Madrid on 14 October 1794, but it was a simple experiment carried out from the Retiro astronomical observatory and points on the outskirts of the city.
The first line to operate in Spain was due to the enlightened Agustín de Bethencourt, who had learned about the invention in France. In 1799, the construction of the Madrid-Cádiz optical telegraph line was approved, although it only went as far as Aranjuez. This system differed from Chappé's French system.
After the War of Independence, the installation of new lines was resumed and in 1831 the officer Juan José Lerena was commissioned to connect the Court and the Royal Sites with optical lines. In 1837, the Ministry of the Interior planned the communication of Madrid with the provincial capitals, which was entrusted to the Colonel of the General Staff José María Mathé in 1844, and three of the planned lines were built.

Image of Torre de Telegrafía Óptica de Villargordo de Cabriel