Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Valencia< Lonja de la seda de Valencia

Lonja de la seda de Valencia(Valencia)

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La Lonja de la Seda is a masterpiece of European civil Gothic architecture located in the historic centre of the city of Valencia. This 15th-century building is one of the most emblematic in the city due to its large rectangular and carved façades, the successful medallions, its beautiful doors and windows, the stately coats of arms and the battlements topped by royal crowns, which remind us of the power and wealth of one of the most important mercantile cities in the Mediterranean.

The building consists of three clearly differentiated sections: the Contracting Hall, the Tower and Pavilion of the Consolat de Mar and the Patio de los Naranjos (Orange Tree Courtyard). The Sala de Contratación is a large space of remarkable beauty characterised by the presence of eight free-standing columns and another sixteen attached to the side walls, all of which are distinguished by their helicoidal shape. The hall, dedicated to commercial transactions, housed the Taula de Canvis, the first municipal banking institution, created in 1407. The Torreón, located to the left of the Sala de Contratación, has three levels, the lower room having been used as a chapel. The two upper floors are accessed by a magnificent spiral staircase made with great technical perfection and lacking a central axis. The pavilion of the Consolat de Mar, built at the beginning of the 16th century, already shows a marked Renaissance character. It consists of a vaulted semi-basement and two floors, and in addition to the aforementioned Pere Compte, the master builders Joan Corbera and Domingo de Urtiaga were also involved in its construction.

From the beginning, this building was intended for the silk trade and since then it has been used for commercial purposes. The numerous sculptural details on the doors, windows and gargoyles conceal a symbolic message that exalts the dignity of the merchant and encourages him to act with the utmost honesty.

In 1996 La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia was recognised as a World Heritage Site.

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