Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Turís< Castillo de Turís

Castillo de Turís(Turís)

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The fortress has a very large outer enclosure, which must have housed the original farmhouse. Of this first enclosure, the remains of long stretches of the wall and the remains of the tower to the northeast and some of the foundations of other towers have been preserved.

The inner enclosure was located on the highest part of the hill, with a tower to the south and others to the east built of rammed earth. The highest part is the keep, with a rectangular ground plan, three storeys and a crenellated terrace, all built in masonry.

The first fortification of the present castle was built at the beginning of the 11th century. It occupied only 500 m² and consisted of an oratory and a keep, both connected by a double wall. The oratory (zagüiya)3 contained the burial place (maqbara) with the remains of a holy person. It was visited by the locals, who entered through the wall of the alquibla, facing Mecca.

After the Christian conquest in 1238, the castle became the seat of a lordship. It was the residence of the governor and occasionally of the lord, and also had cellars and warehouses for the taxes collected, as well as facilities for its transformation.

At the beginning of the 15th century, the threat of the Kingdom of Castile from the Requena area led to improvements in the defences. The battlements were replaced by parapets with arrow slits, which made it easier to use them for firing crossbows and crossbows.

In 1449, an inventory of the castle's contents was drawn up at the request of the creditors of the local lord, Pere Boïl de Lladró. This text is one of the documentary bases for knowing the use of the fortress at that time. In 1451, essential alterations were made to various roofs; the castle was already in a very poor state of repair.

The dynastic union between Aragon and Castile in 1480 eliminated the castle's defensive interest. The local lords moved to a new seat in Turís, next to the church.

Image of Castillo de Turís