Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Senyera< Ayuntamiento Nuevo

Ayuntamiento Nuevo(Senyera)

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The old town center is arranged along two main streets, Major and Ramón y Cajal, and several cross streets, with three small squares, the most important of which is the Església, where the parish church of Santa Ana is located. The rest of the town is relatively recent, having been built in 1959 the Jaime I group in the NE part and in the 1980s several more houses along Senyera street (extension of the Major) and the road to Villanueva de Castellón, where the new town hall was built.

The origin of Senyera seems to be in an Andalusian farmhouse that became a lordship of the Sanç de Játiva and ended up being part of the marquisate of Benamegís. In 1572 there were 47 neighbors (about 188 inhabitants) in the marquisate, a population that increased to 54 (216 inhabitants) in 1609, when the expulsion of the Moors took place. The territory was totally depopulated and, although a town charter was granted to Señera in 1611, Benamegís was never populated again.

In 1646 Señera already had 18 inhabited houses. At the end of the XVIII century Señera was still a small place, with only 177 inhabitants, who had not grown due to the fevers caused by the cultivation of rice, to which more than half of the lands of the municipality were destined. The population tripled during the 19th century and in 1900 it already had 531 inhabitants.

The agricultural landscape of the first old Christians or Valencians of Señera and Benimeixix would rest in the seventeenth century on a commercial crop of the first order: silk. The moreral occupied an important part of the orchards, while the rest were planted with cereals and fodder, olive trees and vineyards, vegetables, fruit trees and vegetables.

The eighteenth century, on the other hand, was already the century of the rice fields, of the orchards filled with water during the summer.
By 1840 the agricultural landscape remained the same, but with a greater presence of rice fields. Rice, silk, wheat, corn, corn, oil, carobs and vegetables are mentioned as the main productions of the area.

In 1950, 1,271 bushels of rice, 816 of orange groves and 94 of wheat and other grains.
The difference between 1950 and 1961 is that now it was the rice fields that were rapidly giving way to orange groves. Thus, in 1963 there were already 42,000 feet of orange trees of the variety.
Between them, there were 1,762 bushels of land planted with citrus: 83% of a total of 2,130 worked. In other words, rice had already become a marginal crop and was in the process of disappearing, to the benefit of the orange tree, which still reigned supreme.

Not for free, the main product of the Valencian countryside at the beginning of the 21st century is no longer oranges, but bricks. Nowadays, Señera is no longer an eminently agricultural town, but a municipality that prospers thanks to the establishment of new industries and the urban development of terraced houses.
The economy of Señera has diversified in a hurry, and is finding the right balance between the agriculture of the parents, the small family industry, the construction and the services, as an escape from the recent years of agricultural unemployment, of continuous depreciation of the wages and the incomes of the field.

Image of Ayuntamiento Nuevo