Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Relleu< Presa del pantà

Presa del pantà (Relleu)

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The eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula is considered the birthplace of the construction of the modern dams. The scarcity of water caused the need to devise mechanisms storage, and as a result, between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries they built about eight dams, including the one in Relleu. These constructions mark the beginning of a new technique, leaving behind the shelters medieval. The project was promoted by the irrigators of the nearby town of Vila Joiosa in the beginning of the seventeenth century. The residents of the village of Relleu refused to receive the construction in their area municipal, as it meant the loss of their land and the rise in disease caused by water stagnation. At 30 meters wide and 32 meters high, it is the largest representative of standard dams vault, a technique that brings lightness to the wall while maintaining height and strength. Due to the clogging by sediments of the swamp bed, its had to be increased height on several occasions. The environment is of great scenic interest, dominated by large walls of limestone rock almost vertical and vegetation varying depending on the time of year. In high season, the swamp fills up with water again, and the area comes back to life for a few weeks.

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