Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Enguera< Castillo de Enguera

Castillo de Enguera(Enguera)

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The castle can be considered of Muslim origin, possibly built between the eleventh and twelfth centuries, in fact, although its name seems to come from before the Muslim domination, it is at this time when the current population and the many villages and farms dependent on it is configured. Also at this time Enguera reached a certain relevance, specifically during a short period of the XII century in which it was the regional capital of a Taifal kingdom that covered up to Denia, giving it great importance in this strategic area.

After the Reconquest, the Castilian troops took the castle, carrying out a reform for its use. After its incorporation to the kingdom of Aragon by Jaime I, the wide territory of Enguera, among which were the castle of Enguera, the castle of Garamoixent and the castle of La Mola, were ceded to the Order of Santiago, constituting the Encomienda of Enguera. Its frontier situation, always had a great strategic importance, so it remained in use until its demolition in 1365, ordered by Pedro IV of Aragon, the Ceremonious, to avoid that it could be used by the Castilian troops during the Wars of the Union. In 1575, in the document in which the crown sold Enguera to the Borja family, it is stated that the castle was "fallen". Later, the earthquake of 1748 would affect the structures that were preserved contributing to its ruin, accentuated with the action of the elements and the passage of time to reach the state in which it is today.

The predominant technique of construction is the tapial; this is specified in the construction of walls using a mold or formwork, in which mortar is poured (of earth and lime) and masonry.

In the upper enclosure the construction of some canvases with the technique of masonry can be observed.

Image of Castillo de Enguera