Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Carcaixent< Mercado Municipal de Carcaixent

Mercado Municipal de Carcaixent(Carcaixent)

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The origin of the weekly market can be found in the tenth chapter of the privilege of the University of 11 March 1576, in which Carcaixent was granted this faculty. The primitive location of the market was distributed around the church: in the Plaza de la Verdura (today Plaza Miguel Hernández), in the Plaza Mayor and in the Plaza da las Gallinas (today Plaza de la Constitución), three places where it was still located at the beginning of the 20th century.

Until the beginning of the 20th century, the population did not have much need to stock up on vegetables, fruit or pulses, as the majority were farmers and planted these and other vegetables on their land. Meat was sold in butcher's shops, which also sold groceries, and tobacco was sold in barber's shops.
With the growth of the orange trade and, therefore, of the population who lived in Carcaixent and who did not own land, the need was created to establish a fixed point of sale so that people could buy food for their daily diet, and it was at that time that the retail market was born.

With the turn of the 20th century, one of the most important urban planning needs that arose was the construction of a new building for the market, as the economic importance of the town and health regulations demanded it.
On 2 December 1925, the Carcaixent Town Council, meeting in plenary session, approved the execution of an important Reform Plan for the town. Among many other works, it foresaw the construction of a new Municipal Market.
One of the most important difficulties that existed was the lack of land on which to construct the building; different locations and projects were proposed, but the definitive solution was found in 1931 by José Vidal Canet, a merchant, businessman and councillor at the time. He offered the Town Hall, free of charge, the land needed to build the Market and the adjacent streets at the end of Calle Mestre Giner, which were then fields. The municipal corporation, chaired by José Donat Sanz, accepted the offer made by Vidal and the project was quickly undertaken.

The municipal architect Alfredo Burguera drew up the final project, which was awarded to the contractor Bautista Fillol for a final budget of 424,592 pesetas. The works lasted nearly two years and the new market was inaugurated on 11 November 1934. The exterior of the modernist style building is made of solid brick and is decorated with blue ceramic tiles, with two soffits with the city's coat of arms standing out. It has a central nave with highly decorated walls, buttresses and two adjoining side naves with large windows that allow natural light to enter and improve ventilation.
It measures 33 x 75.80 metres on the ground floor.
It has four entrances and in one of them (the one that opens onto Ramón y Cajal street) the year of construction can be seen on the forging of the door (1934).
The building is raised above street level to prevent the continuous floods of the Xúquer from invading its installations.

For more than 50 years the Municipal Market has remained as it was built, with only the necessary alterations being made as time went by and in accordance with the regulations in force at any given time.
At the end of the 1990s, the Town Hall undertook a comprehensive reform of the interior of the building in order to modernise it. Thus, among many other works related to water services, lighting, air conditioning, etc., a total change of the interior appearance was carried out. The original continuous stone benches that ran the length of the building, where the fruit, vegetable and fish stalls were located, were removed. The stalls for other activities such as cold cuts, groceries, butchers and bakeries were also replaced by more modern installations that have allowed the range of activities to be expanded. With the new layout, a series of common services have been established for traders, such as a concierge's office, cold storage, loading and unloading dock, packaging and changing rooms, etc.
Despite the scale of the works, the Market was never closed to the public, so that since 1934 the Carcaixent Municipal Market has been a reference point for retail sales due to its excellence.

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Image of Mercado Municipal de Carcaixent