Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Campo de Mirra< Castillo de Almizra

Castillo de Almizra (Campo de Mirra)

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The materials found show a settlement that began in the Bronze Age and continued uninterrupted until the Iberian period and, after a population hiatus, the Middle Ages. The castle itself must have been no more than a frontier post between those of Villena and Biar, which have been preserved. Its area must have been about 34 by 15 metres, although due to its ruinous state, only the remains of the walls and auxiliary elements can be seen. There are remains of Muslim rammed earth, as well as more typically Christian masonry work. The stratigraphy shows a level of fire, which has not been fully elucidated. The only structure still standing, a tower, dates from the 14th century.

This place is of great historical importance as it was here that the meeting between the King of Aragon, James I, and the Infante Alfonso of Castile took place on 26 March 1244, giving rise to the Treaty of Almizra. This treaty put an end to the Castilian-Aragonese border dispute, with the relevant rectifications of the Treaty of Cazorla. The border was clarified, moving it along the coast from Calpe to Villajoyosa, in favour of Aragon, the route of which is described in the Book of Acts. In other words, Almizra definitively established the border from Ayora to Biar and Aguas de Busot, following the orographic criterion of distinguishing between the plain (Castile) and the mountains (Aragon).

The documentation relating to the place belongs almost exclusively to the 13th and early 14th centuries. Among the documents in which the castle is mentioned is the granting, on 18 January 1298, by the king to Lorenzo de Scals, from Verona, and his heirs, of the castle of Almizra. The latter undertook to carry out the necessary works on the castle.
In March 1307, the king granted the castle of Almizra in fief to Alfonso Pérez in custom of Barna. He also undertook to carry out the necessary work on the castle.
The castle is located to the southwest of the town of Campo de Mirra on the hill of San Bartolomé, whose shape, seen from the road, is that of a cone with gentle slopes. Its summit is 685 m high. Next to the castle is a hermitage dedicated to San Bartolomé attached to a Christian defensive tower.
The castle dominates the entire wide Vinalopó valley between the Beneixama mountain range and the Onil mountain range.

Image of Castillo de Almizra