Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Buñol< Castillo de Buñol

Castillo de Buñol(Buñol)

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The castle of Buñol (11th-13th c.) in the province of Valencia is a Christian fortress located in the centre of the town, in the highest part of the town, on two rocky massifs where there was an earlier Islamic settlement. This castle overlooked the royal road to Madrid, in the border area between the kingdoms of Castile and Valencia and the Hoya de Buñol.

It was conquered from the Arabs in 1238 by King James I, (although they remained with their houses and lands until their expulsion) and donated to Rodrigo de Lizana, who in 1241 gave it to the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.

So far, the documented origin of the fortress dates back to the 11th-13th century, with remains from the Islamic period in both enclosures, including the remains of the gateway between the Islamic fortress and the town, known at the time as BUNYUL.

The castle is divided into two enclosures separated by artificial moats and linked by a bridge, stretching from northwest to southeast and occupying approximately 400 m in length.

The northern fortress, with an irregular pentagonal floor plan and a parade ground in the centre, was the actual military area. This enclosure has walls made of lime mortar masonry, reinforced by towers of mixed lime mortar masonry and limestone ashlar masonry in the singular elements (gates, vaults...). At present, the perimeter of the wall is partially occupied by houses attached to it, surrounding a central free space. The current dwellings would occupy the historical space where the buildings that would serve the military garrison (kitchen, dormitories, guardhouse, stables...) would be located.

Image of Castillo de Buñol