Countries<Spain<Comunidad Valenciana<Alicante< Castillo de San Fernando

Castillo de San Fernando(Alicante)

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It was built with the purpose of being a prison and to reinforce the defence possibilities of the castle of Santa Bárbara. It never came into service, as there was no French occupation of Alicante.
It was a work that was built quickly and badly, as it soon began to show deficiencies, as well as being militarily useless and costly. Next to the entrance to the castle is the Monument to the Alicante Heroes of Independence.

In 1939, when Franco's troops took the city at the end of the Civil War, they used the fortification as a concentration camp to house the enormous number of Republican prisoners in their power. It served this function until the end of that same year.

Nowadays, the slopes of the hillside are home to Alicante's sports city, the Óscar Esplá music conservatory, the Ruiz de Alda Park, which conserves the statue of Doctor Rico by Daniel Bañuls, the driving force behind the reforestation of the Tossal at the beginning of the 20th century, and the Jorge Juan Secondary School.

Another of the monuments located around the castle is the so-called Cross of the Century, erected in 1901 and rebuilt in 1940 to commemorate the entry into the 20th century.

The layout of this fortress is irregular, adapting to the topography of the hill on which it stands. It consists of a geometric polygonal bastion on the northern front and another rounded, truncated cone-shaped bastion at the southwest end, which were linked by broken curtains. It also had two half bastions and another small bastion on the most vulnerable sides of the hill. Only in this area was a moat built, as the rest was protected by the rocky escarpment. Under the entire embankment, artillery-proof vaults and a cistern were also built. The interior of the castle housed the quarters for housing the troops. Access to the castle was via a zigzag ramp. Two quadrangular jambs were erected at the main entrance gate, each crowned by a stone lion sitting on its hindquarters with its mouth slightly open, which may not correspond to the original construction.

The castle has cracks, the extent of which is being studied. It is currently closed to the public due to restoration work on this fortress in Alicante.

Image of Castillo de San Fernando