Countries<Spain<Aragón<Teruel< Arquitectura mudéjar de Aragón

Arquitectura mudéjar de Aragón(Teruel)

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The word Mudejar is a medieval term that refers to a Muslim living in Christian territory who preserved his religion in exchange for tribute. Mudejar is also known as the architectural style that flourished in Spain from the 12th to the 17th century, characterised by the conservation of elements of Christian art and the use of Arabic ornamentation.

Mudejar art is a unique artistic manifestation in the world, as it is neither part of Western European culture nor of Islamic culture, but is the result of a specific social, political and cultural situation, produced in a specific environment and at a specific time. It is the legacy of the coexistence of three cultures with very different roots: Christianity, Islam and Judaism, whose value lies in the peaceful coexistence that led to the fusion of elements of Islamic tradition with Western artistic languages: Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and later Baroque. The Eastern legacy is present, above all, in the use of simple materials such as brick, plaster, ceramics and wood, and in the ornamentation based on geometric motifs, plant motifs, ribbons or arches. It is also a symbol of the integration of architecture, ceramics, carving and painting.

The Mudejar Architecture of Aragon was included in the World Heritage List in 1986 with the towers and the cathedral of Teruel, and was later extended in 2001. The monuments that make up this serial property are: Tower, roof and dome of the Cathedral of Santa María de Mediavilla de Teruel; Tower and church of San Pedro de Teruel; Tower of the church of San Martín de Teruel; Tower of the church of El Salvador de Teruel; Apse, cloister and tower of the collegiate church of Santa María de Calatayud; Parish church of Santa Tecla de Cervera de la Cañada; Church of Santa María de Tobed; Mudejar remains of the Aljafería Palace in Zaragoza; Tower and parish church of San Pablo de Zaragoza and apse; parish church and dome of the Seo de Zaragoza. These ten monuments were selected because they are the most representative and best reflect the Mudejar phenomenon as a historical and cultural fact that should serve as an example of peace and respect between peoples.

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