Countries<Spain<Aragón<Camarillas< Santuario de la Virgen del Campo

Santuario de la Virgen del Campo(Camarillas)

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The Sanctuary of the Virgen del Campo, located on the banks of the Penilla, on the outskirts of Camarillas, is one of the most important sanctuaries in southern Aragon and which presents great artistic interest due to the variety of its buildings, the diversity of the artistic styles and the quality of the work. According to tradition, its location on the outskirts of the town may be due to the construction of the first church in the 14th century, the Ermita Vieja, in the place of discovery of the carving of the Virgin that gives its name to the architectural complex and to whom many miracles are recognized. In this century, specifically in 1374, the Cofradía de Nuestra Señora del Campo de Los Ballesteros was also created, in charge of managing the assets of this temple. Later, the continuous pilgrimages and popular devotion made it possible to increase the economic resources and their growth, with the consequent incorporation of the various buildings that currently make up this monumental sanctuary. The sanctuary is made up, on the one hand of the Ermita Nueva built in the 18th century and in a Baroque style. It is made up of three naves divided into four sections and the central one is covered by a barrel vault decorated with allegories and Marian representations. It is also made up of a straight head and a transept covered by a dome and a lantern tower over it. Between the two is the Mudejar-style bell tower built in the 16th century, whose octagonal upper body is decorated with the combination of protruding bricks and small pieces of glazed ceramic, characteristics of Aragonese Mudejar architecture. To the north is the Ermita Vieja, a jewel of the Mudejar Gothic built in the 14th century. It is made up of a single nave covered with simple ribbed vaults and in its polygonal apse, there are wall paintings characteristic of Aragonese Mudejar decoration. This hermitage is hidden by a Renaissance portico from the 16th century, consisting of two floors with logia at the bottom. Finally, in the centre of the patio is the base of an old peirón and, closing the whole, the fountain-trough in the southern part and the Casa del Ermitaño, in a popular style, currently used as a sheep pen. Due to the historical, stylistic and patrimonial wealth of the complex, it was declared an Asset of Cultural Interest, in the Monument category, by the Government of Aragon in 2001. However, the passage of time, a series of historical facts and the scarcity of maintenance have led to a state of ruin and abandonment to most of the spaces of this Aragonese heritage jewel.

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