Countries<Spain<Andalucía [Andalusia]<Córdoba< Centro histórico de Córdoba

Centro histórico de Córdoba(Córdoba)

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The historic centre of Cordoba is one of the largest old quarters in Europe. In 1984, Unesco declared the Mosque of Cordoba a World Heritage Site. Later, in 1994, Unesco extended this designation to a large part of the old town. The historic centre has a wealth of monuments, preserving great remains from the Roman, Arab and Christian eras.

The boundary elements that define the delimitation of the historic centre of Cordoba are formed by the roads that coincide with the old wall, which to a large extent has safeguarded the historic centre from the urban expansion of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, as they run along its perimeter (Avenida Conde Vallellano, Paseo de la Victoria, Ronda de los Tejares, Avenida de las Ollerías), thus creating a ring of open spaces that protects the historic centre of Cordoba.

From the point of view of its urban structure, it can be said that the historic quarter of Cordoba is made up of two physically differentiated parts, which are the Villa or old Muslim Medina, to the west, and the Axerquia or eastern quarter. This division is a Muslim heritage that was to be perpetuated over the centuries. During the late medieval period, the Axerquia area was given greater impetus. In the 16th century, squares were opened up or some existing ones were widened, but the urban structure did not undergo any profound transformations. As far as the Villa is concerned, within it are the remains of the Roman city to the north, the Andalusian Medina to the south, with the Great Aljama Mosque, now the Mosque-Cathedral, and in the southwest corner a 14th-century Christian expansion district that arose under the protection of the Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos (Fortress of the Christian Monarchs).

In the urban fabric, the narrow and irregular streets determine irregular blocks of medieval heritage, palatial residences or institutional buildings and smaller houses, which tend to respond to a typology inherited from the Muslim house, in turn indebted to the Roman courtyard house and whose most picturesque image are its courtyards, recently declared by UNESCO, Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

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